This is a slow news month, but news from Russia carries some hints of further discontent that will explode once again in November. The war continues unabated, of course, with Allied troops now receiving materiel (but not many men, yet) from the United States. They have two successful actions to report this month. And, color processes take a major step forward in film!
Russia is declared a republic by the Provisional Government. on September 14
Leon Trotsky is elected Chairman of the Petrograd Soviet on September 23. The Soviets are worker’s councils (“Soviet” means “council in Russian) originally formed by the socialist Mensheviks to coordinate worker demands and actions. During 1917, they have become increasingly radicalized and drifted towards Bolshevik sympathies.
The Mossovet (Moscow Soviet of People’s Deputies) votes to side with the Bolsheviks on Sepember 25
World War One
Battle of Polygon Wood (part of the Battle of Passchendaele) near Ypres in Belgium begins on September 26. Over the next two weeks, British and Australian troops capture positions from the Germans. Casualties will be about even (around 15,000) on each side.
Second Battle of Ramadi. On September 28 and 29, British troops take Ramadi from the Ottoman Empire.
Release of The Gulf Between, the first film made in Technicolor System 1, a two-color process on September 13.
Rolf Wenkhaus, child actor (in Emil and the Detectives), born September 9. He would die serving in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Herbert Lom, actor (in The Pink Panther films and The Phantom of the Opera), born September 11.